When you’re planning to go to China to work or just visiting, the first thing you need to think about is to obtain a visa.
A China visa is a travel authorization document usually required by China for entering its borders, which is issued by a Chinese embassy or consulate, affixed in your passport. There are several different types of visas, each of which afford the sojourner different rights in the host country.
Usually most foreigners need a visa in China. However some cities and regions of China are visa free in certain circumstances.
The China visa should be obtained in advance. According to the reasons of traveling, the type of visa you should apply for changes. There are more than 12 main types of China visa which may have single, double or multiple entries.
L (tourist visa): Issued to an applicant who comes to China for tourist purposes, family visiting or other personal affairs.
F (business visa): Issued to an applicant who is invited to China for visit, research, lecture, business, scientific-technological and culture exchanges or short-term advanced studies or intern practice for a period of no more than six months.
Z (work visa): Issued to an applicant who is to take up a post or employment in China, and their accompanying family members.
X (student visa): Issued to an applicant who comes to China for the purpose of study, advanced studies or intern practice for a period over six months.
C (crew visa) Visa: Issued to crew members on international aviation, navigation and land transportation missions and family members accompanying them.
G (transit visa): Issued to those who transit through China.
D (resident visa): Issued to applicant who is to reside permanently in China.
J-1 (journalist visa): Issued to foreign resident correspondents in China.
J-2 (journalist visa): Issued to foreign correspondents on temporary interview missions in China
For what concern the lasting of the visa in China, it may change according to the type of visa you apply for. Single-entry China visas are usually valid for 3 months after the issue date and they allow you to stay in China for a maximum of 30 days. This visa will permit you to travel as a tourist or conduct general business activities. Most people need only to apply for a single-entry, however double or multiple entry visas would be required if you frequently travel between mainland China and other countries.