In 2014 the Chinese government started what is called “The Target Poverty Alleviation Strategy”: this strategy has as purpose to alleviate the poverty all around the country in order to create a “moderately prosperous society”, as President Xi Jinping said.
The aim of this campaign is to lift 700 million people above the poverty line by 2020. In November Chinese government announced that it had eliminated extreme poverty inside the country. According to the Unite Nations, for extreme poverty is referred to an income below the international poverty line which is 1,90$ per day.
This is the biggest achievement in poverty reduction in the whole of human history. There have been so many people and such a large proportion of humanity being lifted out of poverty in such a short period of time. As president Xi Jinping said, this is something that shall “go down in history”.
In China, poverty has been closely associated with the rural areas and with remote locations.
The main goal of the government is to integrate the vastity of the country via adequate transport and communications. By doing this through its 120,000 kilometers of railway lines (30,000 kilometers of high-speed) and mobile telecommunications technology wielded by 1.3 billion mobile phone owners (as has happened over the past decade and a half), Chinese government has created many more economic opportunities for previously isolated communities.
By 2017, 98.5 percent of Chinese villages had phone access and 86.5 percent had access to cable TV signals. The fast growth of e-commerce, of which China has 40 percent of worldwide totals, has also played a key role, allowing the access of remote communities to consumer markets in the big cities and urban areas.
China’s anti-poverty initiatives over the last five years led the country to spent approximately 1 percent of its yearly economic output, or a total of nearly $700 billion. The Chinese government subsidized jobs for rural workers with poverty alleviation projects, gave farmers animals, and pumped money into poor provinces with loans and grants.
The campaign has been possible because China sets poverty alleviation as the top goal. They put it as priority. That means that China has a very big group of cooperated people, whose total job is to get some people out of poverty and therefore, that means it was set as an absolutely dominating policy of the state. And that’s what requires other countries to take – make the elimination of poverty as the top priority of the government.