China is outlining a plan to create national parks. The plan will classify China’s land area into various ecological regions based on natural features and ecological functions, these areas will become future candidates as national parks will be selected from those regions.
China will give priority to the creation of national parks in regions with vital ecological functions such as the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, the basins of the Yellow River and the Yangtze.
China officially designated the first group of national parks earlier this month. The work of the Chinese government aims to establish 10 pilot national parks.
By uniting the previously existing protected areas and creating new ones, 220,000 Km2 of territory will be covered. There are many species that need protection, from the giant panda to the Siberian tiger. The government has offered the possibility of relocation to part of those living in the affected areas. The hope is that the project will be enthusiastically welcomed by the local population and that ecotourism will be implemented. The new national park system in China can be placed in the context of “eco-civilization”. This term indicates the desire to find a balance between well-being, economic growth and safeguarding biodiversity.
Among the most anticipated national parks there is certainly the Giant Panda National Park which spans three provinces and is home to over 75% of the panda population.
Also announced is the Tiger and Leopard National Park of Northeast China, which aims to protect the habitats of these two species. It is the only area in China where both the wild Siberian tiger and Siberian leopards settle. In the park, officials have also set up “subsistence projects” such as village building, livestock farming and alternative agricultural training.
The island of Hainan, on the other hand, is home to the best-preserved tropical rainforest in China. It is also the only place in the world where the Hainan black-crested gibbon can be found. The government is already developing crowd control measures to prevent overcrowding. So as to give guests the opportunity to truly experience nature.
Some of the parks are more focused on multiple animals rather than a single species. One of these is Wuyishan National Park, which will serve as a gene bank for a variety of rare and endangered species. Even the Sanjiangyuan National Park on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau will be an important center for biodiversity, especially as the hinterland faces the challenges of climate change.