On 31 May 2021, Chinese government announced the a new family planning policy: the Three-child policy (三孩政策).
This policy came after the Seventh National Population Census which has showed that in 2020 the number of births in China was “only” 12 million: this is the lowest since 1960.
In 2016, the Chinese government erased the previous One-child policy, allowing couples to have two children but it didn’t help in increasing the births rates since cost of raising children in cities has deterred many Chinese couples.
With new Three-child policy, President Xi Jinping claimed that will came “supportive measures” to support the families. But what Chinese people think of this new policy?
Long story short: they are not really convinced to have up to three children. Indeed, more than 30,000 respondents to a simple online poll from state news agency Xinhua overwhelmingly said they weren’t considering having more children as a result of the new policy.
The reasons why Chinese people are so skeptical about the Three-child policy are the following:
Last but not least, many women expressed anxiety over the rising cost of living and entrenched gender inequality in the workplace. There is currently no national law that provides paternity leave in China and this imbalance in parental responsibility has as a consequence that it will harder for women to balance work with motherhood. Moreover, in recent times many Chinese women have claimed job discrimination based on their martial or parental status, with employers who are often reluctant to pay maternity leave.
Fortunately, the Communist Party has acknowledged these issues and pledged to address them. The new amendment promises to protect women’s right to employment and says the government will work with the private sector to set up childcare facilities in public areas and workplaces.
Even though the Chinese government promised support to women and young couples, most of Chinese people are still not sure about that and it’ll take longer to encourage a “baby boom” in the whole country.